Criminal Law is the Law related to Crime. Hence, it is also called the Law of Crimes. Other terms related to Criminal Law are Criminology – the systematic study of criminals and Penology – the study of punishments in relation to the crime and the management of prisons. Criminal Law is concerned with wrongs committed against the public as a whole.
Criminal Law in India
The Criminal Law of India is divided into two categories.
– Substantive Law
– Procedural Law
Substantive Law provides for the definitions of various offences and prescribes punishments for the respective offences. The Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) falls under the Substantive Law.
Procedural Law provides a mechanism for the enforcement of the Criminal Law. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 comes under this category.