The Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board (GSHSEB) was constituted in 1972, following the enactment of the Gujarat Secondary Education Act 1972. Its Chairman and Deputy Chairman are appointed by the State Government. It has 16 ex officio members, and 44 other members drawn from academic organizations, legislative bodies and civil society. Various Committees with specific responsibilities function under the Board, such as the Executive Committee, Examination Committee, Finance Committee, Education Committee, and Magazine Advisory Committee.
GSHSEB provides the State Government guidance about the policies governing secondary education, its development and qualitative enhancement. In an overview, its duties are:
- Preparing the curricula & syllabi
- Registering new Secondary schools and monitoring their performance on a continual basis
- Providing developmental guidance
- Organising training for teachers and principals-up measures (for instance, to integrate Gujarat’s students with the Information Technology-enabled global village, the Board has introduced Computer Studies among regular curricula).
Both private and government schools operate here in Gujarat. One can also come across schools run by several municipal corporations and trusts in Ahmedabad.
Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board are in charge of the schools run by the state government. However, many of the private schools in Gujarat are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE) board. Gujarati is the main medium of instruction in the state-run schools while the schools run by other boards use English as their medium of study. The government of Gujarat also gives special importance to education of women in India in the state.
The Gujarat Educational Institutions Services Tribunal Act, 2006
The Gujarat Educational Institutions Services Tribunal Act, 2006 (“the Act” for short) has been legislated to “consolidate and amend the laws relating to Educational Tribunals so as to bring about uniformity therein and to provide for the constitution of a tribunal for the purpose of determining disputes relating to conditions of service of the members of the teaching and non- teaching staff of the educational institutions in the State and for the matters connected therewith.