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Saral Kanoon being one of the top ngos in Gujarat provides a complete gamut of legal services and expert counsel regarding the Civil Law in Gujarat. The Civil Law is indubitably and certainly the most important branch of law for every constitutional country. The Civil Law consists of a body of rules, procedures, regulations and judicial precedents that helps in resolving the various non-criminal disputes. These disputes are either between individuals or organizations and can be on a variety of problems like ordinary issues, private matters, marriage conflicts.

Functions of Civil Law
The core function of Civil Law is to resolve disagreements and disputes between individuals, families or organizations by providing due and equitable compensations to the victims. Unlike Criminal Law, The Civil law focuses more on the providing compensation to the victims rather than giving punishment to the accused. There are Civil Law Courts which take and resolve civil matters with the help of refined lawyers and judges.

Matters covered by Civil Law
Being one of most diverse laws, the Civil law covers a variety matters related to day-to-day life. The scope of Civil Law is very extensive as it covers the following areas of Law:

  • Real Estate Law: All the matters related to property, rent, buying/selling of a house, landlord problems/harassment etc are covered under this body of law
  • Business or Commercial Law: Business ethics related to B2B organizations, Fraud, employee-employer complaints etc are covered under this body of law
  • Education Law: All matters related to Education and Educational Firms are covered under this body of law. For example, Student-teacher complaints, false registration of Educational organizations, any act of deception by educational firms etc. Also, it exerts the right of education to every child
  • Consumer Law: All the matters related to the consumer law like unjust pricing, non-fulfilment of consented products etc falls under this law.
    Tax Law: Every matter based on taxation like the application of GST and other taxes, fair taxation as per the government etc are covered under this body of law
  • Entertainment Law: Deals with all the matters that come under the media industry
  • Contract Law: Issues based on finalizing a contract between two parties, breaching of the contract etc are covered under this body of law
    Administrative Law: includes issues on rulemaking, adjudication, or the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda etc
  • Sports Law: Deals with issues related to the athletes and the sports played by them. Variety of issues like a contract, constitutional, trademark, criminal, tort, agency, antitrust, labour, and tax issues are covered under this body of law.

The key motto of the Civil Law is to protect its civilians from any type of breach, unjust and/or biases and to provide equal rights and opportunities for all. Any matter that affects the smooth functioning of the welfare of an individual or society can be filed under The Civil Law in India.

18 Stages Of Civil Suit as per Civil Procedure Code, 1908 are as under

  1. Presentation of plaint
  2. Service of summons on defendant
  3. Appearance of parties
  4. Ex-parte Decree
  5. Interlocutory Proceedings
  6. Filing of written statement by defendant
  7. Production of documents by parties (plaintiff and defendant)
  8. Examination of parties
  9. Discovery and Inspection
  10. Admission
  11. Framing of issues by the court
  12. Summoning And Attendance Of Witnesses
  13. Hearing Of Suits And Examination Of Witnesses
  14. Argument
  15. Judgment
  16. Preparation of Decree
  17. Appeal, Review, Revision
  18. Execution of Decree